is one of two branches that sprouted when Red Hat discontinued Red Hat Linux, the other being Red Hat Enterprise Linux (the commercial version, which is, in fact, derived from Fedora these days). Fedora’s the free variant, obviously, and is one of the best-supported and most actively developed operating systems out there.
NEWB-FRIENDLY? Pretty much. Blocking off access to software that doesn’t meet strict free software requirements might irk some, but the system itself is easy enough to use.